Geographical Indication


A name or a mark indicating a product identified with a locality, area, region, or country of origin with a distinctive character, reputation or other characteristics is called a geographical indication. Geographical indications are the industrial property right, which refer to a product originating from a specific area or to a region attributable to its geographical origin in terms of its quality, reputation or other characteristics.

Geographical Indications in Our Legislation:

• Name of origin,
• Merchandise mark is evaluated in two different ways.

Origin name:

If the production, processing and other operations of the product which is a subject of geographical indication protection have to be made within the recognized bordered geographical area, the geographical indications, in this case, are called "origin name". Examples of such products are Eskişehir Meerschaum, Çelikhan Tobacco, Aegean Cotton. These products cannot be produced outside the geographical region they belong to. Because the product can only gain their properties if they are produced in the area where they belong. Of a product;

• Originating from a territory, area, region or country whose geographical boundaries are specified,
• Originating from all natural or human elements whose all attributes and characteristics are specific to this region, area or region,
• Indicates origin name in the case of the production, processing and other operations are carried out entirely within the boundaries of this region, area or region.

Merchandise mark:

If at least one of the production, processing and other operations of the product had to recognize within the bordered geographical area, geographical indications, in this case, are also referred to as "merchandise mark". Examples of such products are Damal Baby, Isparta Carpet, Siirt Blanket. The qualities, attributes, reputation and other characteristics of these products have the characteristics deriving from natural raw materials and human elements belonging to a specific geographical area. Of a product;

• Originating from a territory, area or a region whose geographical boundaries are specified,
• a certain attribute, reputation or other characteristics identified with a territory, area or a region,
• Indicates merchandise mark sign in the case of that production, processing, and other operations are done within the boundaries of this region, area or region.

Differences Between Geographical Indications and Trademark

The superiority of geographical indications over other industrial property rights is the protection of all of the producers instead of a single producer under certain circumstances. Because the geographical indication has territorial, local, regional and a sense of anonymity, and the rights that it provides are properties that cannot be attributed to a certain person or various people.